How to manage a fracture

A fracture is a ‘bone break or crack’ which can occur secondary to trauma, falls or high impact injuries, contact sports or osteoporosis. Fractures are quite common in all age groups and medical care should be sought immediately after.

What are the symptoms of fractures?

Signs and symptoms of fractures can vary according to the bone affected. Most often, the following symptoms are observed: pain, bruising, swelling, bending of the bone at an unusual angle, discoloration around the affected area, grating sensation around the affected joint or bone and bleeding if it is an open type of fracture. When a large joint or bone is affected, patient should be taken immediately to  an orthopedic Surgeon in Lahore. In case a large joint is involved, the patient looks clammy and pale, feels intense nausea and might even lose consciousness.

What is the first aid for broken bone?

First-aid just after a broken bone can greatly help the patient till professional help arrives. Here is what you should focus on:

Stop the bleeding: for any bleeding wound, apply pressure to the wound, to decrease the loss of blood. Use a sterile piece of cloth, or a clean bandage to apply pressure to the wound. Elevation and pressure application are ideal to staunch the flow of blood until help arrives. If bandages are used, be sure to check every fifteen minutes if they are too tight or too loose.

Do not move the broken area: keep the affected region as still as possible. For instance, if someone broke their arm bone, be sure to tell them to keep the arm still. Immobilization helps to prevent damage to the internal structures due to the break, like the nerves and the blood vessels. A splint can be used to keep the limbs immobilized. Do not attempt to restore the position of the bone, or a dislocation back into place, as this could exacerbate the fracture.

Call for help: as soon as you suspect a fracture, call for help immediately. Professional care should be sought immediately for a fracture, and the patient should be stabilized as soon as possible. Sometimes, it’s difficult for a first aider to tell if there is a fracture or not; in this case, the injury should be treated as a fracture.

Apply cold pack: injured area should be iced for a period of ten minutes at a time to help deal with the swelling. Use a cold pack, or ice wrapped in a bag or cloth for this purpose.

Treat for shock: shock is quite common following a fracture; to deal with shock, get the patient in a comfortable position and cover them with a blanket or a cloth. Keep the patient warm and reassure them.

Start CPR: if the patient is not breathing, start CPR, or get the patient to an emergency room for prompt treatment.

The goal of treatment for fractures by Orthopedic Surgeon in Islamabad is to reduce the damage caused by the fracture, allow the fracture to heal, prevent infection and to restore functioning of the injured limb.





What’s The Difference? Iced vs. Cold Brew Coffee

On a hot summer day, getting an energy boost from your favorite chilled beverage is great. Chilled coffee won’t only refresh you but will also give you that treasured energy boost to get you through the day. With unique beverages popping up all over, what differentiates between cold brew coffee and iced coffee? You may be surprised, but each brew gives you unique benefits, and it all starts with how it’s made. 

What changes the brewing process

Iced coffee is made the same way as hot coffee and then simply left to chill, whereas cold brewed coffee is never warmed up. It steeps in a chilled environment and uses time to extract the coffee benefits from the beans. The process is much more timely, taking over 12 hours to fully brew. Steeping your favorite coffee overnight will let you enjoy a delicious chilled coffee the next day. 

What you get out of each coffee

Heating up coffee removes some of the caffeine and antioxidants found in the beans. While you’re still getting an energy boost in iced coffee, a coffee that’s cold brewed will give you double the caffeine since no heat goes into making it. That’s why you may feel even more energized when indulging in your favorite coffee that never felt heat. 

What flavor profiles are present

Since iced coffee is just cooled-down coffee, the taste will pretty much mimic hot coffee. However, it will be a little more diluted because of the cooling process and ice that’s added. However, coffee that never has to cool produces a more robust, smoother and chocolatey taste. Because of the intense brewing process to make cold brewed coffee, all the flavors mesh together to create a unique flavor hot-brewed coffees don’t have. 

While iced and cold seem pretty similar, in the coffee world, they couldn’t be more different. Whichever style of coffee you prefer has unique benefits that are exclusive to each brew. 

5 Steps to Hire the Best Car Accident Lawyers

Hiring the correct lawyer is no less than choosing the correct doctor for your treatment. Often people say that you can not hide anything from your doctor and your lawyer. Car accidents are usually by the fault of both the parties, you may not realize that you are going to hit some and you end up doing it.

We tend to see that most of the car accidents are due to drunk owners or drivers, very rarely we see issues like brake failure or tire puncture. But in some cases, car accidents are just absolutely irrelevant, as in before you even realize, you see your car strikes someone else’s. But whatever may be the reason, the ultimate matter is that when you have an accident, it is your responsibility to get yourself out of the situation.

In such a situation, when the simple case becomes very complex then you can knock the doors of the Oakland car accident lawyers. They are believed to be the best lawyers to guide you and help you come out of your cases easily.

5 Steps to Hire the Best Car Accident Lawyer

I usually choose my friend who is a lawyer, and he is always at my rescue. He helps me to figure out how to get out cases like car accidents. But having said so, I would suggest you choose your lawyer very carefully, even if they are your friends, try to know their skills.

1.Ask the People You Trust

A car accident is something which often happens in a day to day life, it is advised that when you buy a car just keep in mind about a lawyer who is good at it. You might not require him daily or at all, but there is no harm in keeping in touch. But that is not the solution, if you do not know of good lawyers then ask your most trusted friend or relative about a lawyer. Get as many recommendations as possible. The more the merrier, if you have at least 10 recommendations in hand then you can choose at least the best 3 out of them.

2.Try to Narrow Your List

After choosing the best 3 lawyers of your choice, match their characteristics, and portfolio with your requirement. You can shortlist a junior and a senior lawyer, talk to them and find the best fit for you. If you think that your case is little light for the experienced lawyer then be clever enough to choose the junior lawyer. Do not just take any decision based on a just conversation with one lawyer.


Another very important thing that you must check when you hire someone as your lawyer, then try to identify his focus. Find out the kind of focus he has on your case, not only he, even you must be sure of what you actually want. You must help him to place the case in a way that you are able to get out of it. Overall the cooperation is very necessary, and the focus is also needed when it comes to solving any case.

4.Check the Reputation

This is important, if you know well then you will know that in the case of law firms, reputation matters a lot. Most of the good lawyers are found in reputed firms. It is because those firms hire the best lawyers in the country and which is why they are the best lawyers in the country. In other cases, reputation can be earned just by mere advertisement, but in the case of law firms, they become reputed only when they have enough experience and in most cases victory in all of them.

5.Share the Details

After you are sure of the lawyer who you have chosen then you can move forward with your case. Share all the details about your case with him. Tell him what actually had happened and never lie to your lawyer. When you are hiring a lawyer, it becomes his responsibility to prove you not guilty.


I know it is a tough job to find out the best lawyer at the best price, and that is exactly why I thought, I must share all the details with you. Here I have explained to you all the details about how to choose the best lawyer, if you wish to add up some more then please comment below.

5 Different Types Of Business Taxes You Should Be Aware Of

If you are a business owner you will realize that paperwork and taxes constitute a major portion of your operations. In addition to being worried about and concentrating on products, services, employees and customers, you also need to keep all the filings in order.

Any lapse on that front can result in a number of problems. For example, you and your business can come under scrutiny from various legal and taxation authorities. You could also be fined for delaying payments in the form of taxes. In the worst scenario possible, the authorities could also withdraw your licenses and compliances.

This is the reason why most businesses work with their own legal and accountancy firms to ensure that they do not get embroiled in such areas. In this article, we are going to discuss the five main types of taxes, every business must pay and should be aware of.

List of 5 Different Types of Business Taxes you should be aware of

1.Business Income Tax-

Just like you have private Income Tax for individuals, businesses too have the same. As business is a separate individual entity having its own records, books and accounts, it needs to pay a percentage of its earnings and revenues in the form of income taxes.

If your business is making a profit, you need to pay taxes. However, most businesses are categorized as entities of a ‘pass-through’ nature. This means that the total cumulative business tax passes through to the owners of the business. It depends on the kind of business set up.

2.Products and Services Sales Tax-

Even though your business might not end up paying business income tax, it will have to pay sales tax on your company’s products and services. According to experts sales tax filing constitute one of the most important kinds of taxations for any business.

Another thing, which businesses need to concentrate on is that the sales tax filings should be done in a regular and periodic manner. In other words, you should not skim on these taxations under any circumstances as you are already collecting the same from the consumers.

3.Payroll Taxes on Employees-

All over the world, governments are pretty strict when it comes to employee taxes. In very simple words, this refers to the income tax, which the company’s employees need to pay in your organization. Rather than hold the employees responsible, authorities hold employers.

FICA taxes, FUTA taxes, and Federal Income taxes are some employee taxes you need to clear out as a business. Withholding the same from the taxation authorities amounts to a serious breach of the legal process and can invite hefty fines.

4.Property Tax for Businesses-

You need to worry about this form of tax as a business only if you own property in the name of your company. For example, if you own your own office space, or a factory or a warehouse to store goods. This is usually state taxes and depends upon region to region.

You need to understand that the tax on commercial holdings is assessed just like a residential house is. Property taxes need to be cleared quarterly or annually, depending on what you are comfortable with. Failure to comply might affect your electricity and water supply.

5.Business Owner Estimated Taxes-

As a business owner, you are not drawing a salary like your other employees are. However, since you own the company, you need to clear out estimated taxes based on profits and income of your business. The IRS stipulates that this form of tax needs to be paid regularly.

You need to understand that the estimated taxes combine two elements- business income and personal income. It also includes taxes of a self-employment nature. Clearing the same regularly, will not burden you with one-time huge payments.

The Final Word

Keeping a track of so many different kinds of taxes can be exhausting and time-consuming. This is why you should enlist the services of experts who are adept at dealing with these things. This will allow you to concentrate on your business at all times.




How To Choose The Best Personal Injury Lawyer To Represent You

No matter where you look, personal injury lawyers are everywhere. Whenever you are on the highway, or at supermarkets, you can always see large hoardings, banners and leaflet distributions everywhere.

A casual online search for the same also returns thousands of search results, each stating that they are the best there is. However, not all personal injury lawyers specialize in all types of cases. For example, you might find some who only deal with medical malpractice, while others deal with car accidents.

This can be very confusing for individuals and families looking for the best personal injury attorney to represent you. In this article, we are going to help people by showing them how they can choose the right personal injury attorney.

Why Choosing the Right Personal Injury Attorney so Important?

When any one of us has been involved in accident emotions take the better of us over rational thinking. We might be lured to go for a very small amount as compensation just to hush up the matter. What we might feel is adequate might not always be the case.

In addition to the compensation part, claiming insurance for the injury can also be a difficult task. Insurance companies typically try to lowball claims by pointing out frivolous exemptions. At a time of personal loss, no one wants to keep communicating and coordinating with the police and other agencies. However, this is important, if you want to get justice.

All the above things, which have been stated earlier make the role and position of a personal injury attorney very important. In the following section, we are going to look at how individuals and families can select the best personal injury attorney for themselves.

How to Choose the Best Personal Injury Lawyer?

  • 1.Use References from Family and Friends Networks-

The best way to narrow down on a personal injury lawyer is asking about the same in your own circle. Personal recommendations will help you understand the lawyer, how good he or she is and the fees, which they charged your contact. Even though online research is popular, a first-person account in these areas is always considered better than Google.

  • 2. Check Rating Platforms to see scores-

The legal profession has been very aggressive when it has come to adopting digital platforms. In the last few years, many credible platforms have emerged, which rate lawyers according to reviews, successful cases and other factors. You can always go to platforms of Avvo and Super Lawyers to see the ratings of the personal injury attorney you are looking to hire.

  • 3.Professional Experience and Educational Qualifications-

You do not want to go against a raw fresher, especially when you are up against a big adversary who has the money to afford some of the best legal minds. Ideally, you would want your lawyer to have over ten years’ worth of experience. You should also check which university they have graduated from and have they done higher studies in their legal sciences.

  • 4.Trust your Instinct in making the right decision-

No matter how much you use the above steps and strategies for filtering, ultimately it will all come down to your own instinct. This means that the final judgment of the selection process is going to rest on you alone. Multiple face-to-face interactions and meetings can help you garner trust and faith in your legal selection.

The Final Word

Many legal experts point out that individuals should not get overawed with the office locations and the office itself. They point out that these are no markers of how good or successful a personal injury attorney is. By following all the points in the article, we hope you will be able to choose the best personal injury lawyer to represent you.