Selecting a Microgrid Controller

microgrid controller ensures efficient, safe, and reliable microgrid power generation and distribution by helping optimize and coordinate system functions to reduce the overall energy cost for a local distribution grid, also known as a microgrid.

According to experts, microgrid controllers are expected to grow to $5.7 billion by 2027, driven by factors such as increased government-funded microgrid projects and the global shift towards renewable energy sources.

Capabilities of Microgrid Controller

  • Expertise in microgrid distributed energy resource dispatch and distributed optimization and control of sustainable power systems.
  • Simulation and modeling of microgrid systems on timescales of electromagnetic transients and dynamic and steady-state behavior.
  • Provide power in the hardware and the testing of microgrid systems.
  • Act as controller hardware in the loop testing where the physical controller interacts with a model of the microgrid and associated power devices.

Choosing a Supplier of a Microgrid Controller

  • References– Make sure the supplier is a credible source referred to you by someone already using the same Microgrid Controller you require.
  • Company Knowledge– What does the company specialize in? Are they AC installers? Do they know how to operate batteries and gensets efficiently?
  • Durability of the controller- How many devices or values can the microgrid Controller handle? And how well can they achieve that?
  • Companies registration– Is the company certified by the relevant bodies to conduct this business of microgrid control installation?

Benefits of a Microgrid Controller

  • Reduces GHG emissions and environmental effects by maximizing the utilization of renewable assets.
  • Enable integration of renewable energy resources with conventional generators.
  • Maintain a secure and reliable power supply for critical loads for operations in island mode.
  • Optimize the dispatch of DERs to reduce the total cost of energy and microgrid operation.
  • Enables integration with Volt controls for better utilization of distribution system assets.

Virtualization

Thе actual nееd fоr vіrtuаlіzаtіоn basically rеԛuіrеѕ thе рrіоr understanding of thrее thіngѕ: Why Vіrtuаlіzе? Whаt is Vіrtuаlіzаtіоn? And When to Vіrtuаlіzе?

Thе vіrtuаlіzаtіоn tесhnоlоgу еvоlutіоn dаtеѕ bасk tо thе tіmеѕ оf mаіn frame соmрutеrѕ, where thе ореrаtоrѕ hаd to utilise hugе power rеѕоurсе tо run рrосеѕѕеѕ. Operating Vіrtuаlіzаtіоn addressed thіѕ іѕѕuе by аllоwіng the hardware rеѕоurсе tо run multiple operation ѕуѕtеm images using a single ѕоftwаrе tool, thus mаnаgіng thе power utіlіѕаtіоn in runnіng processes.

Sеrvеr vіrtuаlіzаtіоn іѕ thе kеу аѕресt оf virtualization tесhnоlоgу, where thе mаіn ѕеrvеr іѕ virtualised to сrеаtе a guеѕt ѕуѕtеm that еxасtlу wоrkѕ as a main ѕуѕtеm. A ѕоftwаrе lауеr called hуреrvіѕоr mаkеѕ thіѕ hарреn bу emulating underlying hаrdwаrе. Here thе guest operating ѕуѕtеm uѕеѕ the ѕоftwаrе еmulаtіоn оf thе undеrlуіng hаrdwаrе, i.e., virtualized hаrdwаrе аnd not the true hardware.

The реrfоrmаnсе оf the vіrtuаl ѕуѕtеm is nоt exactly thе ѕаmе аѕ thаt оf thе truе ѕуѕtеm. Even then the vіrtuаlіzаtіоn hоldѕ ѕіgnіfісаnсе аѕ thе most applications аnd guest ѕуѕtеmѕ mау nоt dеmаnd fоr full utilization of the undеrlуіng hаrdwаrе.

Thus, the dependence оn hаrdwаrе іѕ аllеvіаtеd, allowing grеаtеr flexibility аnd іѕоlаtіоn of thе processes frоm the mаіn system, whеnеvеr nееdеd. Hеrе is whеrе the companies wоrkіng оn multірlе аррlісаtіоnѕ оn multiple рlаtfоrmѕ саn hаvе аn аdvаntаgе оf minimization of extra resource utilization.

Virtualization, whісh was іnіtіаllу confined tо server systems, hаѕ evolved оvеr thе years tо suit for nеtwоrkѕ, dеѕktорѕ, data аnd аррlісаtіоnѕ, аmоng оthеrѕ.

Wіngѕ of Vіrtuаlіzаtіоn:

Vіrtuаlіzаtіоn hаѕ spread its wіngѕ across six kеу areas оf ѕіgnіfісаnсе in thе IT industry:

Nеtwоrk Virtualization: Thіѕ rеduсеd the соmрlеxіtу асrоѕѕ networks bу grouping the аvаіlаblе rеѕоurсеѕ іn a nеtwоrk, connecting thеm wіth independent сhаnnеlѕ fоrmеd аѕ a rеѕult оf thе ѕрlіttіng оf available bаndwіdthѕ. These сhаnnеlѕ саn bе lіnkеd to dеvісеѕ lаtеr, dереndіng on thе rеԛuіrеmеnt.
Stоrаgе Virtualization: Here, various ѕtоrаgе dеvісеѕ аrе grоuреd into a ѕіnglе large vіrtuаlіzеd storage unіt, which is controlled from a сеntrаl console.
Sеrvеr Virtualization: Thіѕ іnvоlvеѕ thе masking of ѕеrvеrѕ so аѕ tо lіmіt thе ѕеrvеr uѕеrѕ from accessing ѕеrvеr’ѕ соmрlеx іnfоrmаtіоn, ѕuсh аѕ physical аddrеѕѕ, among оthеrѕ, while аlѕо еnѕurіng the rеѕоurсе ѕhаrіng. Thе software thаt is uѕеd tо vіrtuаlіzе the undеrlуіng hаrdwаrе is ‘hypervisor’
Dаtа Vіrtuаlіzаtіоn: Here thе brоаdеr dаtа access іѕ рrоvіdеd tо mееt thе buѕіnеѕѕ rеԛuіrеmеntѕ, while abstracting thе vеrу іmроrtаnt bаѕіс information like ѕtоrаgе location, реrfоrmаnсе, аnd format.
Dеѕktор Vіrtuаlіzаtіоn: Hеrе thе mаіn іntеntіоn іѕ to share thе workstation. Inѕtеаd of ѕеrvеr, the wоrkѕtаtіоn load іѕ ѕhаrеd vіа vіrtuаlіzаtіоn, іn thе name оf remote dеѕktор ассеѕѕ. Aѕ thе wоrkѕtаtіоn wоrkѕ іn dаtа centre ѕеrvеr еnvіrоnmеnt, ѕесurіtу аnd роrtаbіlіtу аrе аlѕо еnѕurеd.
Aррlісаtіоn Vіrtuаlіzаtіоn: Hеrе thе application іѕ аbѕtrасtеd frоm the ореrаtіng ѕуѕtеm, аnd еnсарѕulаtеd. The еnсарѕulаtеd fоrm оf the аррlісаtіоn іѕ uѕеd асrоѕѕ рlаtfоrmѕ wіthоut hаvіng need fо dереnd оn thе ореrаtіng ѕуѕtеm еvеrу tіmе durіng іmрlеmеntаtіоn.

Machine Learning

Machine Learning is a brаnсh оf соmрutеr ѕсіеnсе, a field оf Artіfісіаl Intеllіgеnсе. It is a data аnаlуѕіѕ method thаt furthеr hеlрѕ in аutоmаtіng thе аnаlуtісаl mоdеl buіldіng. Altеrnаtіvеlу, аѕ thе wоrd іndісаtеѕ, іt рrоvіdеѕ thе mасhіnеѕ (соmрutеr ѕуѕtеmѕ) wіth the сараbіlіtу to lеаrn from thе data, wіthоut еxtеrnаl hеlр tо mаkе decisions wіth minimum humаn іntеrfеrеnсе. Wіth the еvоlutіоn of nеw tесhnоlоgіеѕ, mасhіnе lеаrnіng has сhаngеd a lot оvеr the past few уеаrѕ.

Lеt us Dіѕсuѕѕ what Bіg Data is?

Big data mеаnѕ too muсh information and аnаlуtісѕ mеаnѕ analysis оf a lаrgе аmоunt оf data to fіltеr the іnfоrmаtіоn. A humаn саn’t dо thіѕ tаѕk еffісіеntlу wіthіn a tіmе lіmіt. So hеrе іѕ thе роіnt whеrе mасhіnе lеаrnіng for bіg data аnаlуtісѕ соmеѕ іntо рlау. Lеt uѕ tаkе аn example, ѕuрроѕе thаt уоu аrе аn оwnеr оf thе company and nееd tо collect a large аmоunt оf іnfоrmаtіоn, which іѕ vеrу dіffісult оn іtѕ оwn. Thеn уоu start tо find a clue thаt will hеlр you іn your buѕіnеѕѕ оr make dесіѕіоnѕ fаѕtеr. Here you rеаlіzе thаt you’re dеаlіng wіth іmmеnѕе іnfоrmаtіоn. Yоur аnаlуtісѕ nееd a little help to make search ѕuссеѕѕful. In mасhіnе lеаrnіng process, mоrе thе dаtа уоu рrоvіdе tо thе ѕуѕtеm, more thе ѕуѕtеm can lеаrn frоm іt, аnd rеturnіng all the information уоu wеrе ѕеаrсhіng аnd hеnсе mаkе your ѕеаrсh ѕuссеѕѕful. Thаt іѕ whу іt wоrkѕ ѕо wеll wіth bіg dаtа аnаlуtісѕ. Without big data, it cannot wоrk tо іtѕ optimum level bесаuѕе of thе fасt thаt with lеѕѕ data, thе ѕуѕtеm hаѕ fеw examples to lеаrn frоm. Sо wе саn ѕау thаt bіg data hаѕ a major rоlе in mасhіnе learning.

3 Things To Know About Electronic Recycling

More people should be made aware of the importance of electronic recycling. They should look into things like electronic recycling scrap services to learn more. Check out these three things to know about electronic recycling.

1. Helps Create a Cyclical Economy

Electronic recycling generates, within the technology industry, an economy that is very cyclical. In a linear economy–one in which electronic recycling is not conducted, devices move from the hands of a manufacturer to those of a buyer and then, finally, to a landfill. The parts and materials of each device are not reclaimed in such a system. However, in a cyclical system, those components move from the hands of a buyer to those of a recycler, and back to the hands of the manufacturer. This cyclical system is more sustainable and environmentally friendly.

2. Prevents Chemical Pollution

Many devices consist of hazardous chemicals that pollute the environment. If these devices are not disposed of properly, they can leak toxic substances–such as mercury–that seep into the soil, end up in lakes and oceans, and are released into the air. This kind of pollution can harm plant and animal life and threaten the health of human beings. By engaging in electronic recycling, one can reduce the amount of chemical pollution occurring on the planet.

3. Is Predicted To Grow

it is worth noting that electronic recycling is projected to become a bigger venture within the coming years. This is due to the fact that the number of people who participate in it is expected to grow, especially as more and more people use the Internet to garner information about recycling their pieces of technology. This rise is also set to occur because the sheer volume of electronic items available will increase as time goes on.

All forms of recycling are vital. Individuals should pay close attention to the lifespan of their laptops, smartphones, and tablets to gauge when it is time to recycle them.

3 Tips for Organizing Your Garage

Your garage tends to be the catch-all for extra supplies and household items. Sometimes there is so much stuff it is difficult to find what you need. The best way to solve this problem is to organize items you use all the time and store away those things you don’t. Here are three tips to help you get your garage looking great.

1. Put All Your Tools Together

There are many types of tools needed for home repair, auto maintenance, gardening and crafts. The best way to make these accessible and organized is by using a shelf or cabinet with spring loaded casters so you can move it anywhere you need. This is a great way to keep all your items available any time you need them and makes them easier to put away. 

2. Group Like Items Together 

Most garages hold a variety of seasonal supplies. Snow shovels, gardening tools, items for washing your car and even your kids’ toys are scattered everywhere. Instead of searching all over for one thing, group everything together. If you have shelves, put all your gardening tools in the same shelf area, store the ice melt and snow scrapers on another. Create a spot down low for your children’s outdoor toys that’s easy for them to put their things away. 

3. Label Storage Containers

Plastic storage tubs are great for storing items that you infrequently use, such as Christmas decorations or paint. Labeling your containers makes it much easier to find what you are looking for when the time comes. Put a large label on the front, side, and top of the container. Put the title of the category of items in large letters, and below write what specific items are in the box. This way, you know right away if it’s Christmas lights or fencing supplies.

Organizing your garage is necessary for finding supplies when you need them. By putting your tools together in a rolling cart, organizing your shelves with similar items, and properly labeling storage boxes, you are sure to be able to find anything you need. 

 

 

What Is Stellite?

In the world of machining, there are many different raw materials that can be used. While most of us have heard of aluminum or steel, one alloy that is quickly growing in popularity is that of Stellite. Let’s get into what Stellite is, and how it’s used.

What is it?

Stellite contains many different metal components and is a non-magnetic alloy. The primary metals used in Stellite are cobalt and chromium. While many people think that this sort of material is new, it’s actually been around since the early 1900s and was often used when machining cutlery. This alloy was invented by Elwood Haynes. While the trademark has switched hands over the years, Stellite is a commonly used alloy in machining parts Pittsburgh PA operations and factories.

The other factor that makes this alloy so popular is the resistance it has to weather and wear and tear. Different mixes of Stellite can be used for different applications that require stronger metals such as nickel, iron, and titanium.

Stellite is often used for applications that reside within temperatures from 600 to 1112 degrees Fahrenheit. The ability to maintain its strength at these temperatures makes it a very popular machining alloy to be used in high-heat applications and machinery.

How it’s Used

In the process of machining, this type of material is used on cutting tools. In fact, most saws and metal teeth on saws are machines and made with Stellite. Stellite can go beyond common tools and can be much more sophisticatedly used in hip replacements and even heart valves.  The basic rule of thumb is that if a metal will be subject to erosion, corrosion, or extreme heat, Stellite is a wonder material.

As you can see, Stellite is a popular machining alloy for several different reasons and it used in many commonplace applications.

 

3 Common Types of Foodborne Pathogens

Most people experience what they believe to be food poisoning at some point in their lives. It often results in a short-term illness that resolves relatively quickly. However, some cases can be serious and require care from a medical professional. The severity of the illness depends on the pathogen involved, along with the patient’s age and medical history. 

Scientists have been working for decades to figure out what types of bacteria and viruses found in food and water are harmful to people. Using techniques such as electron microscopes, microbiology streaking dish and centrifuges, the isolation and study of foodborne pathogens has made large strides.

1. Norovirus 

One of the most common types of foodborne pathogens in the United States is norovirus. It can be spread through the consumption of contaminated food or water or by person-to-person contact. The symptoms typically occur within two days of transmission and normally last about three days, although people with weakened immune systems may experience a longer duration.

2. Salmonella 

Exposure to food items containing salmonella can result in illness developing anywhere from one day to a week. The duration typically lasts for a week or less. Severe symptoms experienced by at-risk patients can be treated by antibiotics.

3. Escherichia Coli

Eating contaminated food or beverages, or swimming in contaminated water can expose people to E. coli. While not every strain causes diseases, others can cause serious illnesses. Most people exhibit symptoms within 5 to 10 days and recover within a week. 

While it is not possible to completely eliminate all risks, reducing the chances of illness due to foodborne pathogens can be done. Properly handling food and completely cooking it before serving can prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria. Washing raw foods before consumption and avoiding water from unsafe sources can help people stay safe and healthy. 

Capacitor types and Capacitance/Voltmeter

Capacitor

A capacitor is a very commonly used passive component in a circuit. It has two terminals. The capacitors can store energy in an electric field, it acts as a fully charged battery.

How are capacitors made?

The capacitor is made from two conducting plates kept parallel to each other and a dielectric is placed between the plates. The dielectric is made from insulating materials like glass, paper, plastic, ceramic etc. The conducting plates are made from metals like silver, aluminium etc. These plates are connected to the terminal wires.

Working of a capacitor

When an electric current passes through the capacitor, one of the plates of the capacitor gets negatively charged and the other plate gets positively charged. The stationary charges stuck in these plates will create an electric field. Therefore, electric energy is stored in the plates just as the battery stores chemical energy. Let us discuss more on capacitor types and capacitance.

Capacitance of a capacitor

Capacitance is the measure of the capacitors ability to store the electrical charges on the plates. The SI unit of capacitance is Farad. The capacitance is given by the equation

C = q/V

C is the capacitance

q is the charge stored in the plates

V is the applied voltage

The capacitance of the capacitor is one farad when a charge of one coulomb is stored on the plates by a voltage of one volt.

Capacitor types

There are different types of capacitors available in the market. Each of them with different features and drawbacks.

Ceramic capacitors

The most commonly used type of capacitor is ceramic capacitors. The dielectric of the ceramic capacitor is made from ceramic. They are very small in size and have a low capacitance. It is difficult to find a ceramic capacitor with a capacitance greater than 10μF. These capacitors or caps are suitable for high-frequency coupling and decoupling.

Aluminium and Tantalum Electrolytic Capacitors

We get electrolytic capacitors with high capacitance. They can pack a large capacitance in a relatively small volume. The capacitance of an electrolytic capacitor ranges from 1μF to 1mF. They are used in high voltage applications.

 

The electrolytic capacitors are mostly polarised. They have a positive terminal called the anode and a negative terminal called the cathode. If the voltage is applied in reverse it can damage the capacitor.

Supercapacitors

Supercapacitors can store a large amount of charge. They are designed to have a large capacitance. The drawback of these capacitors is that they cannot deal with very high voltages.

They are used to store and release energy just like batteries. They release energy much faster than a battery and have a longer lifespan.

Other capacitors

There are many other less common capacitors like the variable capacitors, film capacitors etc.

 

Do check BYJU’S pages for more details on the working of the devices like Voltmeter and Ammeter. A voltmeter is a device used to measure voltage or the potential difference between two points of the electrical circuit. The voltmeter can be both digital and analog.

 

 

 

How the advances in technology changed online shopping


We are living in the 21st century and we are all able to recognize technology is a huge part of our lives in almost every area. However, one of the industries that constantly adapts to the ever-growing evolution of technology, is the retail industry. This industry is constantly being affected by technology and keeps changing. Since the introduction of online shopping, the sales on stores have decreased while purchasing on the internet has become one of the consumer´s favorite ways of buying. They can purchase anything they want from the comfort of their homes, from the supermarket list, through a baby stroller to a wireless bra. They can find any product at better prices (most of the time), and this is why companies, fabrics and retailers are changing their system.

With the advance of technology, companies are investing more and more money to create online websites where consumers are able to scroll through their products, purchase the ones they like or need, and even save some money.
Throughout the last decade, the advances in technology had been revolutionary, and this impacted people’s lives in several ways. The number of people using the internet has significantly increased, internet shopping grew enormously and so did the level of competition within the cyberspace world. Nowadays, the internet is full of user-friendly platforms for consumers and users to easily buy and sell things or use services without leaving their homes, saving time and effort.

New technologies are benefiting online shoppers

* Internet assistants to guide you: In most websites, customers can find proper assistance to guide them in their purchase or clear any doubts. We are referring to chatbots; they are available 24/7 to provide information about any product or maybe problem or doubt you may have, they can also help you navigate through the website in case you are finding it hard to find something. This way companies can handle their online customers easily.

* The invention of smartphones: Ever since our phones are able to combine the functions of our computer, camera, and cellphone; people can search, purchase or communicate through the web at any time and place. You no longer need to be sitting at your computer or carry your laptop everywhere. Nowadays, people have the chance to purchase anything, anywhere, with just using their cellphones. This has made online purchasing extremely easy. Moreover, considering the huge number of apps that are created every day, which simplifies more and more procedures.

* Virtual assistant on your smartphone: Nowadays you do not even have to scroll the web on your phone when you are trying to buy something. You just need to ask “Siri” or “Google” aloud what is it that you need, and your smartphone virtual assistant will solve your queries.

* Secure payment: Trusted websites assure your payment by adopting modern payments platforms and gateways that have anti-fraud measures, so that your personal and financial information doesn’t get compromised and you can rest assured. Most of these gateways allow you to pay using different payment methods, like credit cards, mobile wallet or net banking. This is how technology keeps making it easier for people to buy online.

The need for convenience and practicality keeps growing

Many factors keep pushing people towards online shopping; avoiding queues at the checkout and dealing with huge crowds of people in the brick and mortar stores are a couple of them. Nowadays, smartphones have become the primary tool for e-commerce transactions, and that enables people to search for products, find the best prices and buy them only in a matter of minutes with just pressing a few “buttons”.
There is also a growing need for subscription services, this way consumers receive the products straight to their homes (weekly or monthly) without even having to make the purchase, as it is already registered.
In addition, people feel the need to get smart objects, such as fridges that are designed to register an inventory of the products inside and automatically place an order to the supermarket for the items that are about to run out. What is more convenient than that?

In conclusion

Technology has made the purchasing of goods and products easier and more convenient. It has created a more advanced platform for consumers to conveniently consume more efficiently and fast.

Reverse Image Search

Ever wondered how fast the technology is progressing? Well, nowadays everything is based on searching and getting quick results. In classic times, we were supposed to sit besides the T.V antennas so the signal wouldn’t break and now that issue is no more because of fiber cables. That is technology.

Reverse Image search is another progressive innovation that is brought into life by the big sharks out there including Google Inc. In order to break down the features of ‘RIS’, lets first discuss the idea and aim behind this technology.

What is Reverse Image Search?

In the old times when we had to dial up networks to get connected to the internet, we had to type in words to explain about we are searching for. Now, Google has made it easy to search for images that one cannot explain in words.

A reverse image search is similar to online search but different in input. Instead of words, we upload image in order to find out the necessary information according to our requirements. This feature enables the user to discover the images that they want by simply providing a sample in the search engine.

How Reverse Image Search Works?

In technical terminology, reverse image search works via a query technique famously known as CBIR (Content-based image retrieval) or QBIC (Query by image content). In order to find out what you are looking for; simply upload the sample image to craft a search query.

This alternatively excludes the need of a keyword that is used to guess and find what you are looking for.  Hence, therefore, you can achieve a lot by using this technique the right way.

KLEPTOFINDER – THE POWER OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

If you want to use the reverse image search technology to find out different information about your images, then there wouldn’t be a better option than Kleptofinder. This tool withholds the art of knowing everything about images and meta descriptions.

How it works?

Kleptofinder automatically uploads the images and tells you the exact location of your images being reused again and again. This eventually reduces the human effort of uploading and checking your images manually.

Here are a few steps to make sure that your images are not being stolen or used for an illegal act.

  1. Register to the website: Kleptofinder.com
  2. Subscribe to your desired security package
  3. Sit tight and let out artificial intelligent do the work.

That’s it! No more hassle about engaging into stuff repetitively to make sure that everything is in its place. All of the details about the images will be provided automatically by the Kleptofinder Reverse Image Artificial Intelligence.

Now you will be able to take control of your digital world and make sure that your creative pictures getting the treatment they require. Gain your legal strength by finding out the places where your images are being uploaded without your consent.

Wrapping it up!

Reverse image search is now a thing, known to a lot of people but some still do not know the exact purpose and reliability of this technology. Kleptofinder can be your bodyguard body at getting the right treatment for your images and hard work.